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by Fred Scarf

Top 5 Causes of Dark Spots

If an unusual skin tone is something that makes you feel self-conscious, you should know that you are in no way alone in this experience. Difficult circumstances may shake your self-assurance. Here are some of the 5 main causes for them and some solutions to the problem.

1. Sunlight

A significant complexion can be caused by ignoring the need to protect one's skin from the sun. According to several consultant dermatologists, sun exposure is one of the primary contributors to the development of dark spots. The sun stimulates the development of the pigment melanin, which is responsible for skin color. Excessive sun exposure can result in darker patches of melanin, which appear on the skin wherever there is excess pigment production.

It's not just light that can hide things in the shadows. Although UV-induced pigmentation most commonly occurs during the summer, when Ultraviolet rays are at their most intense and more of your skin is exposed to the sun, it can take place any time of the year.

You can avoid this by staying out of the direct sunshine, sunscreen with an SPF of 30–50 every day, and wearing a hat.

2. Hormonal Fluctuation

Increased levels of estrogen and progesterone are connected with increased skin pigmentation. This is why melasma is typically seen when hormones are in upheaval, such as during pregnancy. Melasma can affect up to fifty percent of pregnant women. Other factors, such as the contraceptive pill or menopause, can also cause dark spots. They are also prevalent during menopause, particularly if you are on HRT, which contains estrogen. During this time, hot flashes are a common symptom.

The discoloration might go away once your hormones have returned to their normal levels, but you might require some kind of therapy to get rid of the dark patches on your skin.

Melasma is a common skin condition that typically clears up on its own after pregnancy, menopause, or once hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is discontinued.

3. Older Age

This has been discussed countless times. Age spots are a real phenomenon, as was previously stated. When we become older, the top layer of our skin becomes thinner and more translucent, which means that any portions of our skin that have been harmed by the sun become more noticeable. The longer a person has lived, the more pigmentation will have accumulated in their skin.

4. Side Effects of Medication

Certain anti-seizure medications have been linked to some patients' dark spots on the skin. If you are taking this kind of medication, it is essential that you are aware of its side effects, despite the fact that it is typically safe.

Be cautious to check your prescriptions before going outside if you spend a lot of time in the sun. This is especially important if you have skin conditions. Certain medications increase the risk that your skin will develop sun spots. If you are going to be outside while taking one of these medications, you might want to think about carrying an umbrella with you or putting on a hat for added protection. Sunscreens with broad-spectrum protection are another essential item.

5. Race

Because of the color of their skin, certain races are more prone to the development of discoloration than others. Some examples are skin tones from different parts of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Although this does not mean that persons of other races cannot develop hyperpigmentation, it does suggest that particular ethnicities are more likely to have it. If you are unclear, you should consult a dermatologist, who will be able to assist you in determining whether or not your skin tone is prone to dark spots.

Treatment of Dark Spots


Hydroquinone is a topical cream available only with a doctor's prescription that inhibits pigment production in the skin. Hydroquinone is one of the brightening chemicals we have access to that is both powerful and effective. However, when present in high concentrations, it may irritate the skin and should therefore be used cautiously.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is an additional cure that many people use. According to several studies, vitamin C can lighten hyperpigmentation and help brighten the skin in a manner that is comparable to that of hydroquinone but does not cause as much discomfort. In the list of ingredients for a brightening treatment, you should look for a high concentration of magnesium ascorbyl phosphate. Because this form of vitamin C does not undergo oxidation, it is more powerful.

You can visit the link below to see if the dark spots on your face are not going away for a longer period.


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